Engineering Disciplines


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Shoreline Processes

Comprehensive Coastal Sand Management Plan, Santa Barbara/Ventura County Coastline, CA

B.E.A.C.O.N. is a joint power authority consisting of the Cities of Port Hueneme, Oxnard, San Buenaventura, Carpinteria and Santa Barbara, and the Counties of Ventura and Santa Barbara, which was established to seek solutions to reestablish their eroding shorelines. NCI's study included the inventory of offshore, harbor entrance and fluvial sand sources; estimating erosion rates and sediment budgets; preparing a comprehensive sand management program to control beach erosion; and recommending and implementing an effective monitoring plan to observe indicators of beach health within the Santa Barbara and Ventura County coastline. A field program of seismic profiling, dart coring and vibracore sampling was performed to identify favorable sand deposits that exist within close proximity to beaches in need of nourishment. The flood levels and erosion rates/sediment budget were developed using numerical wave and sediment models, aerial photographs and surveyed beach profiles. Twenty-five beach profile stations covering the 60-mile study coastline were established, with two sets of bathymetric surveys performed along these transects. This study included evaluating potential dredging equipment, and methods and costs to perform large scale beach nourishment. Environmental, economic and cost-benefit evaluations were also performed. The final report recommended three alternative levels of a coastal sand management plan and included several demonstration projects. Funding opportunities are being explored through federal and state channels.
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Encinitas Shoreline Erosion Investigation, Encinitas, CA

NCI performed a reconnaissance-level assessment of bluff erosion potential within the Encinitas shoreline. Wave erosion of the shoreline bluff toe was resulting in the instability and failure of the upper bluffs. NCI's evaluation concluded that one bluff section within the project site was in imminent danger of failure, which subsequently failed prior to corrective action. Twelve alternative plans that would provide protection to both the bluff toe and the upper slope face were formulated, with alternatives evaluated on the basis of technical merit, economic cost and benefits, and environmental impacts.

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Omaha Beach Nourishment, Omaha Beach, New Zealand.

Based upon an intensive investigation of the coastal processes along a sand spit and inlet at Omaha Beach, NCI participated in the design of a series of groins, a seawall and a program of beach nourishment to reestablish shoreline equilibrium as a means of shore protection, stabilization of a navigational channel and protection of waterfront homes. Services included the preparation of engineering drawings, specifications and cost estimates, in addition to construction review and a follow-up beach monitoring program.
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Rancho Palos Verdes/Rolling Hills, Los Angeles County, CA.

This Federal reconnaissance study was authorized to study the feasibility of constructing shoreline erosion mitigation measures for the purpose of providing additional stabilization to the Portuguese Bend landslide area. NCI was responsible for conducting all technical, economic, and environmental analyses to inventory baseline conditions, assess the causative aspects of the landslide, and discuss its relationship to shoreline erosion processes. Alternative plans were formulated to achieve the project objectives, and associated costs and storm damage benefits were determined to assess the potential for Federal involvement. Considered project plans included revetments, breakwaters, and fill berms to buttress the toe of the massive slide. Shoreline protection measures were also considered in combination with upland geotechnical stabilization plans to determine the overall feasibility of halting further ground movements.

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Siltation Investigation at Federal Maritime Administration Anchorage No. 26, Suisun Bay, CA.

NCI performed estuarine hydrology, hydraulics and sedimentation analyses to investigate the causes of shoaling and to provide potential long-term engineering solutions for reducing siltation at the docking facilities. Services included the field monitoring of currents, water quality and suspended sediments, along with a bathymetric survey. Alternative mitigation solutions and cost estimates were developed.

Dredge Transportation/Disposal Costs, Oakland, CA.

NCI evaluated the equipment requirements and associated costs for dredging and transporting new work dredge material from the Oakland estuary to five potential upland disposal sites and two aquatic disposal sites. This work included a field reconnaissance of all potential upland disposal sites, analysis of alternative dredging and transportation equipment, analysis of upland disposal area development requirements, and cost estimates. The results were used in the preparation of the environmental impact report.

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Dredge Disposal Alternatives Study, San Francisco, CA.

As a subcontractor to Nolte and Associates, NCI was responsible for determining alternative uses of dredged material as well as the feasibility of numerous upland and aquatic disposal sites. Work included an evaluation of sand reuse; identification of South San Francisco Bay disposal sites and potential land disposal sites; evaluation of equipment, land area requirements, and methodologies for processing dredged material; and determination of the feasibility and cost estimates for all alternatives.

Encinitas/Solana Beach Shoreline Study, San Diego County, CA.

NCI prepared the Section 905(b) analysis to determine the viability of providing shore protection and environmental restoration, and the Project Management Plan to itemize the various tasks and schedules of the feasibility phase study along the coastline of the Cities of Encinitas and Solana Beach including a coastal wetland area, the San Elijo Lagoon. The planning objectives of the study included the reduction of coastal storm-related damage while improving the hazardous conditions caused by episodic bluff failure, increasing the recreational values of the region by improving area beaches, maintaining the Old Highway 101 corridor during storm events, and the enhancement of the ecological and hydrologic system within the San Elijo Lagoon and adjacent beaches.

NCI is currently conducting a feasibility-level evaluation of storm damage and bluff erosion potential within the Encinitas/Solana Beach shoreline. The Cities' 7.9-mile shoreline was investigated in detail to assess storm damage potential associated with shoreline erosion, seacliff retreat, and wave related folding of sandy and cobble beach areas. A without-project-condition (F3) study report was completed in February 2003. The scope of study included a comprehensive geotechnical evaluation of marine related and sub-aerial bluff erosion processes, a coastal engineering analysis to summarize relevant oceanographical and sediment transport conditions, and prediction of future damages to property and infrastructure under the consideration of federal interest involvement. Episodic bluff failure was modeled through a combined Monte Carlo simulation that includes characteristics of the bluff's geologic make-up and the randomness of wave climate within this region. Based upon the findings of the modeled bluff failure scenarios, various engineering alternatives (F4) to reduce storm damage and prevent bluff failure are being formulated. Proposed plan alternatives will be evaluated in terms of engineering, economic and environmental merits. The potential measures that are being investigated include beach nourishment with or without sand retention structures, innovative cobble berm construction, and various seawall and revetment scenarios, etc. This study also incorporates the Geographic Information System (GIS) to integrate all collected historic field data and to-be-conducted field survey so that local governments can continuously update the GIS database.

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California Coastal Storm & Tidal Wave Study, Orange County, CA.

In support of the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers' Coast of California Storm and Tidal Waves Study, NCI conducted a comprehensive analysis to define the prevailing and extreme near-shore wave climate along 30 miles of metropolitan shoreline. The purpose of the study was to provide input for sand management planning and to better define design criteria for shoreline stabilization structures and development. Local, regional and global meteorology was studied to identify the dominant patterns of deep-water wave generation. Near-shore transformation of wave energy along the study area was described using a state-of-the-art spectral refraction model, which included island-sheltering effects. The analysis was synthesized into recurrence estimates of expected wave conditions throughout the County's shoreline using a Monte Carlo simulation. The numerical model simulated the seasonal variation in deep-water wave occurrences and the resultant heights, periods, and angles of incidence after propagation to the Orange County coastline. Extreme wave climate was determined using a storm track hind-cast technique.

The numerically simulated near-shore wave climate was used to estimate the annual alongshore transport rate within the study reaches. In addition, a flooding analysis induced by impinging waves and high tides during storm events of various return frequencies was conducted. A regional sand management plan was then formulated, based upon the long-term coastal processes assessment, the projected sediment budget, and the analyzed short-term flooding scenarios. The sand management plan consisted of three objective elements of long-term beach preservation, short-term storm protection and regular monitoring. Progressive levels of action were formulated for each element to accomplish a series of successive and sequential steps for different phases of management goals.

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Final Expedited Reconnaissance Study CCSTWS, L.A. County & Santa Barbara/Ventura Counties, CA.

NCI Performed an expedited reconnaissance study to assess the federal interest in continuing forth with the Coast of California Storm and Tidal Wave Study for the Los Angeles County and Santa Barbara/Ventura Counties Regions. A 905(b) reconnaissance report prepared for each region determined that the CCSTWS study appears to be consistent with Corps of Engineers policies, costs, benefits, and environmental impacts. Subsequently, a Project Management Plan (PMP) for each study region including the pertinent study tasks, schedules, and estimated costs was drafted for the feasibility study. The plan details the coastal engineering task that will include data collections and review encompassing all available pertinent data research and reported findings within the project area, as well as, investigations of the sediment sources, sediment sinks, sediment entrapments, nearshore wave climatology, storm-related coastal flooding, and shoreline and volumetric changes. The calculations resulting from these investigations will be utilized to determine the sediment budget and ultimately to prepare a regional sediment management plan.


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Wave Runup Analysis and Beach Impact Assessment
For Aquatic Youth Center, Dockweiler Beach, Los Angeles County, CA.

A detailed engineering analysis was performed for the proposed (since constructed) Aquatic Youth Center at Dockweiler Beach to specifically address the characteristics of beach morphology during the winter seasons as well as on a long-term basis, and the wave runup elevations and impact on the beach during extreme storm conditions.  Therefore, the following work tasks were specifically addressed in this report: define the characteristics of the winter beach profile; characterize the long-term trend of the subject beach; analyze the storm return frequency; estimate the short-term eroded beach profiles under the severe storm conditions; compute wave runup elevations for the eroded beach profiles; assess the susceptibility of the proposed building against storm wave attack; and evaluate any adverse impacts to the adjacent beaches.
This coastal engineering assessment report described the site’s oceanographic conditions, its beach morphology particularly during the winter months, the storm-induced beach conditions, and the resulting wave runup elevations.  It then assessed the vulnerability of the proposed Aquatic Youth Center against wave attack, and the potential adverse impacts on coastal processes as a consequence of the proposed coastal development.

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